The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) again conducted a survey of professionals in the field of fitness and healthcare and published the results – 20 leading trends for 2018. The survey was attended by more than four thousand specialists from the USA, Japan, Germany, the United Arab Emirates, Australia, Great Britain, Canada, Finland, China, Italy, Serbia and many other countries.
1. High Intensity Interval Training
HIIT are short-term intervals of high-intensity loads, alternating with short periods of rest. As a rule, the duration of one program is usually less than 30 minutes (although the duration of some programs may be much longer). In the surveys conducted prior to 2014, HIIT did not manage to break into the top twenty, but this direction was noted as one of the possible trends. And already in 2014, despite numerous warnings from respondents about the potential dangers of these trainings, HIIT ranks first. Even after HIIT spent several years in the top ten survey leaders, many respondents still believe that this type of program will attract customers for a short time, after which they will become interested in something else. Others acknowledge that these programs are very popular, but consider them potentially traumatic. Sports medicine specialists expressed a desire to use these programs in their practice, but using moderate, rather than high-intensity loads. Despite warnings from some fitness professionals about the potentially higher risk of injury during high-intensity interval training, this format remains popular in fitness clubs around the world.
2. Group training
Instructors train, instruct and motivate participants in programs specifically designed for large groups (more than five participants, otherwise this would be considered a personal training in the group). One of the main requirements for group training is that they should be interesting and effective for clients of different levels of training. Using various techniques and techniques, instructors help individual clients to achieve their individual goals. There are many methods and types of equipment for group training: from aerobics and cycling to dance classes. Group training programs have long been popular and have been recognized as a potential trend in the first studies of the American College of Sports Medicine. However, only in 2017 they managed to get into the top twenty, taking 6th place. None of the respondents could explain the reason for such an increase in the popularity of group classes, so it will be interesting to observe this trend in subsequent years. Speaking about this trend, it should be noted that classes were meant in large groups as a whole, and not special programs like zumba and other dance classes.
3. “Wearable technology”
“Wearable technology” gained distribution several years ago, but they are already represented by a wide variety of devices. These are fitness trackers, smart watches, heart rate sensors, GPS navigators and smart glasses (show maps and track user activity). The most famous brands of fitness trackers: Misfit, Apple iWatch, Garmin, EFOSMH, Pebble Time, Juboury, Samsung, Basis, Jawbone and Fitbit. Currently, smart glasses are expected to be among the trends in this part of the industry, with sales estimated at $ 1.5 billion, as well as smart fabrics and interactive underwear. At the moment, it is difficult to judge how wearable technologies will develop in the next decade.
4. Exercises with own body weight
Exercises with their own body weight first appeared in the list of trends in 2013, taking 3rd place, and in 2017 they were already in 2nd place. Exercises with their own weight did not appear in the ranking until 2013 for the reason that they received their popularity (and recognition as an established trend) in fitness clubs around the world only in the last few years. However, the assertion that this type of training has not been used before will be incorrect. On the contrary, body weight has served as a load for weight training since time immemorial. And now, designed in a single system, these exercises formed the basis of training programs in fitness clubs. Conventional training programs using your own weight require a minimum of equipment, which makes this effective form of fitness very economical. Most trainees believe that exercises using their own weight are limited to push-ups and pull-ups, but in fact, these workouts are much more diverse.
5. Strength training
Strength training is always popular in various sectors of the healthcare and fitness industry, as well as among a wide variety of client groups. In studies for 2015 and 2016, strength training took 4th place, and in 2017 moved to 5th place after holding the 2nd position for two years.