The illusions of modern fitness
Today, fitness is an integral part of human life. A broad concept means the general physical fitness of the body. In the narrow sense, this is a healing technique that makes it possible to change the body shape, its weight and permanently consolidate the achieved result. The system combines physical activity with a properly selected diet. Selection is carried out individually: depending on age, gender, state of health, features of the figure.
At the same time, it should be recognized that the younger generation is under very powerful pressure. The media is constantly bombarding readers with tips on what you can’t eat and how to deal with.
An idea is being formed: to become happy, one must be thin and well trained.
With this approach, a person who is always losing weight feels a constant fear of getting sick or getting better. He has a serious deficit of necessary substances in the body – a state of “hidden” hunger. This inevitably affects the work of the heart, causes a decrease in the amount of calcium in the body and premature wear of the joints.
Experts say: exorbitant passion for a healthy lifestyle is fraught with mental complications. Instead of benefit, people get athletic neurosis – one of the varieties of stress, a kind of reaction to rapidly changing times. According to doctors, the signs of stress and athletic neurosis are similar: difficulty falling asleep, anxious at night or early – at three or four in the morning – waking up, and during the day – a feeling of tiredness and constant rush.
Many people mistakenly believe that such failures in the regime – this is the modern rhythm of life. However, the constant feeling that one has to flee somewhere has nothing to do with reality; rather, it is a nervous breakdown. And supporters of fitness, of which there are more and more, are treating the named “little things” by increasing physical activity, driving stress inward. Sociologists observe an interesting trend: a few years ago, mainly athletes were affected by men, today women are more likely to suffer from it. Most of them are people aged 30–35 years.
According to psychologists, to a large extent, celebrities are to blame for this, who demonstrate slender figures, passing them off as a result of a healthy diet and fitness, but are “modestly” silent about numerous plastic surgeries and cruel diets.
A tendency has appeared around the world that seriously worries sociologists, psychologists, and doctors: the desire to eat only natural products began to develop into an idefix (French idée fixe – “obsession”).
Excessive preoccupation with food quality has even acquired its own name, orthorexia. Orthorexia nervosa (orthorexia nervosa) is an eating disorder characterized by an obsessive desire for a healthy diet; leads to noticeable restrictions in the choice of products.
One of the many dependencies under which a person inclined towards them from nature can fall. The term was first used by the American physician Stephen Bratman in the mid-90s of the XX century. At present, there are no strict diagnostic criteria for dependence, and the diagnosis of orthorexia cannot be made officially, however, professionals widely use the term to describe the named eating disorder. A person obsessed with the idea of “proper nutrition” builds his diet solely on the basis of the “usefulness” of products, regardless of his own taste preferences. Any, even minor, violation of the diet causes anxiety and a strong sense of guilt. At the same time, there is simply no place left for any interests and hobbies in life. The causes of orthorexia: various complexes, contradictions, fears. Stephen Bratman suggests that one of the reasons for orthorexia is the desire for superiority in relation to other people.
In his opinion, an individual who eats according to a certain system is forced to exert considerable volitional efforts in order not to violate the established rules. A person has to abandon his favorite foods, he devotes a lot of time to reading literature on health, “proper” cooking, etc. All this causes a feeling of pride, a sense of exceptionalism and condescending attitude towards those who are not capable of such self-restraint and self-discipline .
According to S. Bratman, in the end, the idea of proper nutrition becomes the center of interests of the individual, creates the illusion of “purity” and “spirituality”, and also allows you to maintain your high self-esteem. Some authors believe: orthorexia is a type of anorexia nervosa.
It is noted that individuals suffering from anorexia nervosa and those prone to orthorexia have similar character traits: perfectionism, a high level of anxiety and the need for control over their lives.